In the history of planning, the design of an entire community prior to its construction is among the oldest traditions. Iconic Planned Communities and the Challenge of Change explores the twenty-first-century fortunes of planned communities around the world. Drawing on interdisciplinary perspectives, the editors and contributors examine what happened to planned communities after their glory days had passed and they became vulnerable to pressures of growth, change, and even decline.
Beginning with Robert Owen's industrial village in Scotland and concluding with Robert Davis's neotraditional resort haven in Florida, this book documents the effort to translate optimal design into sustaining a common life that works for changing circumstances and new generations of residents. Basing their approach on historical research and practical, on-the-ground considerations, the essayists argue that preservation efforts succeed best when they build upon foundational planning principles, address landscape, architecture, and social engineering together, and respect the spirit of place.
Presenting twenty-three case studies located in six continents, each contributor considers how to preserve the spirit of the community and its key design elements, and the ways in which those elements can be adapted to contemporary circumstances and changing demographics. Iconic Planned Communities and the Challenge of Change espouses strategies to achieve critical resilience and emphasizes the vital connection between heritage preservation, equitable sharing of the benefits of living in these carefully designed places, and sustainable development.
Communities: Bat'ovany-Partizánske, Cité Frugès, Colonel Light Gardens, Den-en Chôfu, Garbatella, Greenbelt, Hampstead Garden Suburb, Jardim América, Letchworth Garden City, Menteng, New Lanark, Pacaembú, Radburn, Riverside, Römerstadt, Sabaudia, Seaside, Soweto, Sunnyside Gardens, Tapiola, The Uplands, Welwyn Garden City, Wythenshawe.
Contributors: Arnold R. Alanen, Carlos Roberto Monteiro de Andrade, Sandra Annunziata, Robert Freestone, Christine Garnaut, Isabelle Gournay, Michael Hebbert, Susan R. Henderson, James Hopkins, Steven W. Hurtt, Alena Kubova-Gauché, Jean-François Lejeune, Maria Cristina a Silva Leme, Larry McCann, Mervyn Miller, John Minnery, Angel David Nieves, John J. Pittari, Jr., Gilles Ragot, David Schuyler, Mary Corbin Sies, Christopher Silver, André Sorensen, R. Bruce Stephenson, Shun-ichi J. Watanabe.
Introduction. Toward Critical Resilience in Iconic Planned Communities
—Mary Corbin Sies, Isabelle Gournay, and Robert Freestone
Chapter 1. New Lanark: Sustaining Robert Owen's Legacy in Scotland
Chapter 2. Riverside: The First Comprehensively Designed Suburban Community in the United States
Chapter 3. English Garden Cities: Challenges of Conservation and Change
Chapter 4. Uplands: A Residential Park in Victoria, British Columbia, Canada
Chapter 5. Menteng: Heritage of a Planned Community in a Southeast Asian Megacity
Chapter 6. Colonel Light Gardens: History, Heritage, and the Enduring Garden Suburb in Adelaide, South Australia
—Christine Garnaut and Robert Freestone
Chapter 7. Den-en Chōfu: The First Japanese "Garden City"
—André Sorensen and Shun-ichi J. Watanabe
Chapter 8. The Jardim América and Pacaembu Garden Suburbs: Facing the Changes to the Metropolis of São Paulo
—Maria Cristina da Silva Leme and Carlos Roberto Monteiro de Andrade
Chapter 9. Garbatella: Heritage, Gentrification, and Public Policies in Rome, Italy
Chapter 10. Sunnyside Gardens and Radburn: The Common Legacy and Divergent Experiences of Community Life
—John J. Pittari Jr.
Chapter 11. Cité Frugès: Le Corbusier's Paradoxical Appropriation in Pessac, France
Chapter 12. The Römerstadt Settlement: The "New Life" in Frankfurt am Main, Germany
—Susan R. Henderson
Chapter 13. Soweto: Planning for Apartheid and Preserving the Garden City Townships of Johannesburg, South Africa
—Angel David Nieves
Chapter 14. Wythenshawe: Manchester's Municipal Garden City
—James Hopkins and Michael Hebbert
Chapter 15. Sabaudia: Foundation, Growth, and Critical Memory in the Last Italian City
Chapter 16. Greenbelt: Sustaining the New Deal Legacy
—Mary Corbin Sies and Isabelle Gournay
Chapter 17. Baťovany-Partizánske: A Functionalist Company Town in Slovakia
—Alena Kubova-Gauché and Isabelle Gournay
Chapter 18. Tapiola: From Garden City to National Landscape Icon in Finland
—Arnold R. Alanen
Chapter 19. Seaside: Iconic Community of the New Urbanism
—Steven W. Hurtt
Chapter 20. Iconic Planned Communities: The Power of Visual Representations
Chapter 21. Afterword: Lessons of the Iconic Planned Community
—R. Bruce Stephenson
List of Contributors
- Winner of the IPHS Prize for Best Planning History, Edited Work